Saturday morning's false missile alarm in Hawaii has many wondering how the Emergency Alert System (EAS) and Wireless Emergency Alerts (WEA) work in Nevada.

Adrienne Abbott, the Nevada EAS Chair, says that something like today's false alarm in Hawaii could happen here in Nevada. 

"It is at the top of our minds whenever we are asked to send an emergency activation, whether it’s an AMBER Alert or an Evacuation Warning or any other message. It’s important to remember that broadcasters do not originate EAS and WEA messages," Abbott says. 

There are somethings to note about EAS activations. Abbott has given us information to be aware of:

EAS activations are broadcast messages, issued by radio and television stations as well as cable operators and IPTV providers. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) requires broadcasters, cable operators and IPTV providers to have EAS equipment in place and operational. The FCC also requires regular EAS tests. WEA messages are issued through cellphone providers and there is no provision for WEA testing.

Both state and local emergency, law enforcement and public safety officials in Nevada have the ability to issue EAS activations and WEA messages to their local areas as well as the entire state through the use of a program established by the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Integrated Public Alert and Warning System office (FEMA IPAWS). That program is called Common Alerting Protocol, or CAP. CAP provides emergency officials the ability to use the internet to issue public alerts and warnings across a wide variety of message platforms, everything from radio and TV (EAS), to cellphones (WEA), highway message signs and even community sirens. There are various vendors who provide these CAP programs for state and local use. Nevada uses a CAP program from AlertSense, an Idaho-based company which specializes in public alert and warning products. Hawaii officials mistakenly used a CAP program to issue this morning’s warning about a missile attack to both EAS and WEA.

Nevada broadcasters, cable operators and IPTV providers all conduct the regular EAS tests required by the FCC. Most of these tests are launched by state and local officials who are authorized to use the AlertSense CAP program. This is a necessary training process to ensure that officials are always able to send timely, accurate and credible emergency information when it’s needed. It’s important to note that through our AlertSense program, emergency officials also have access to a “training bed” which allows them to send both EAS and WEA activations during a drill and those activations are never seen by the public. It is up to broadcasters to work with our state and local emergency officials to provide training and security in the EAS and WEA CAP testing and activation process. 

The link to the Hawaii false alarm story is here.